Chronic Kidney Disease Management, Treatment, Causes

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Explore effective strategies for the management of chronic kidney disease, including causes, treatments, and care tips. Learn how to improve outcomes—read more!
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Kidney disease is a severe health issue that affects millions of people worldwide. Kidney disease is a severe condition that can lead to kidney failure. This disease can result when the kidneys are not able to function correctly.

Physicians need to have a solid understanding of kidney disease management, treatment, and causes so they can properly diagnose and treat their patients. This article will discuss the critical factors associated with kidney disease, including the most recent research on its management, treatments, and causes.

What is Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)?

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is when the kidneys are damaged and cannot filter blood effectively. This can lead to a build-up of waste products and excess bodily fluids, which can cause various health problems. CKD is a progressive condition, which means it gets worse over time. It is also a relatively common condition that affects around 10% of the world’s population.

There are several causes of CKD, including high blood pressure, diabetes, and glomerulonephritis (a type of kidney inflammation). The most common symptoms of CKD are fatigue, difficulty concentrating and swelling in the legs and ankles. In the later stages of CKD, symptoms may also include nausea, vomiting, and a build-up of toxins in the blood (uremia). Kidney failure brought on by untreated CKD necessitates dialysis or a kidney transplant in order to sustain life.

For people with CKD, preventing the disease from getting worse is crucial and requires understanding the cause of the kidney damage and taking measures to protect their kidneys from harm.

How Common is Kidney Disease?

According to the National Kidney Foundation, Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) affects 10% of people globally, and millions die each year because many people cannot afford adequate treatment. That’s a staggering statistic and will only worsen as the average population age increases.

The good news is that this disease, like kidney failure, can often be managed through diet, lifestyle changes, and sometimes medication. Treatment varies depending on the stage and severity of the disease.

What are the Symptoms of Kidney Disease?

Kidney disease is a growing concern in many parts of the world. It can cause severe damage to the body if not properly treated and managed. In addition, doctors must be well-informed about the symptoms of kidney disease so they can accurately diagnose patients who may have the condition.

Early diagnosis and treatment of kidney failure are crucial for people with diabetes to help prevent or postpone cardiovascular death and renal failure because kidney failure raises the risk of heart disease and stroke.

Acute kidney failure is serious and needs aggressive treatment. However, it might be curable. A patient may regain normal or almost normal kidney function if their general health is good. Some common symptoms include:

  • Feeling tired all the time
  • Feeling short of breath
  • Having trouble sleeping
  • Itchy skin or itching all over your body
  • Swelling in your feet, ankles, or legs
  • Urinating more often than usual, especially at night
  • Having a high blood pressure

How is Kidney Disease Diagnosed?

This disease can be challenging to diagnose because the symptoms are often mistaken for other conditions.

Kidney disease is an illness that can have potentially life-threatening consequences, so it is vital to be aware of the symptoms and know how it can be diagnosed. Doctors play a critical role in diagnosing kidney disease, assessing a patient’s medical history, and performing various tests that are critical to its diagnosis.

The first step for healthcare providers (HCP) to diagnose kidney disease is to gather a detailed medical history from the patient. Next, they need to ask about common risk factors for developing kidney diseases, such as diabetes, high blood pressure, or certain heart conditions. From this information, an HCP may already suspect that there could be a problem with the kidneys.

Blood Tests

Kidney disease can affect anyone, and HCPs need to be able to diagnose the condition accurately. Fortunately, kidney disease can be diagnosed through blood tests. These tests will help to determine the levels of certain chemicals in a patient’s blood. These tests measure levels of various substances in a patient’s blood to determine whether there are signs of kidney problems.

For example, renal function tests measure creatinine and urea levels in the blood, which help assess how well the kidneys filter waste from the body. In addition, electrolyte tests check for abnormally high or low levels of sodium, potassium, chloride, and bicarbonate in the blood, which may indicate an imbalance due to impaired kidney function.

Urine Tests

Another test that might be ordered is a urine test. This test can help determine if the kidneys of a patient are properly functioning. A urine test can also help to identify any problems that might be causing kidney failure.

Urine tests are one of the most common diagnostic tools doctors use to diagnose kidney diseases in their patients. These tests measure substances like protein and red blood cells in urine samples as indicators of potential problems with the kidneys’ ability to filter toxins from the body. These tests may also measure levels of creatinine or urea, which are waste products that build up if there is an issue with kidney function.

Imaging Tests

Kidney disease can be diagnosed through different imaging tests. Some of these tests use sound waves to create pictures of the inside of a patient’s body, while others use radiation. Here are a few of the most common imaging tests used to diagnose this disease:

  1. Ultrasound is the most common test to diagnose this disease. It uses sound waves to create an image of the kidneys.
  2. Computerized Tomography (CT Scan): A CT scan is a type of x-ray that creates a detailed image of the internal organs. It’s often used to diagnose kidney failure because it can show the size and shape of the kidneys and any damage that might be present.
  3. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI): An MRI uses a powerful magnet and radio waves to create a detailed image of the kidneys. It’s often used when other tests haven’t provided enough information about the condition of the kidneys.
  4. Intravenous Pyelogram (IVP): This x-ray test uses a special dye to show how well your kidneys work.

Removing a Sample of Kidney Tissue for Testing

Kidney disease is diagnosed by removing a small tissue sample from the kidney for testing. This is known as a kidney biopsy.

A kidney biopsy will be analyzed in a lab to see any abnormalities in the tissue. It will determine if the patient have kidney damage and, if so, what type of kidney failure they may have.

A kidney biopsy is a simple procedure that can be done in a hospital or clinic. It doesn’t require a lot of preparation, and you can go home right after the test is done.

What is the Treatment for Complications of Kidney Disease?

Damage to your kidneys can have serious consequences, which is why it’s important to understand the progression of kidney disease, as well as the available treatment options. People with kidney disease may not be able to be cured, but with proper management, the progression of the disease can be slowed or even stopped. One of the most important things to consider when it comes to kidney disease is understanding the risk factors and symptoms that can lead to it.

Certain factors can make kidney damage worse, and anyone can get chronic kidney disease, depending on the cause, the level of kidney function, and the specific type of kidney disease. One of the main causes of chronic kidney disease is high blood pressure and diabetes, which is why it’s important to keep these conditions in check and protect your kidneys. However, there are also other risk factors, such as genetics and age, that you cannot change. Management of chronic kidney disease should involve working closely with a healthcare provider to create a plan that addresses both the symptoms and causes, including medications and lifestyle changes, such as diet and exercise, which will help in protecting your kidneys.

The treatment of kidney disease depends on the type and severity of the illness and any concurrent conditions the patient may have. For instance, doctors may prescribe medications to manage anemia or hypertension, which are common complications of renal failure. Additionally, dialysis may be recommended when the kidneys are insufficient to filter waste out of the bloodstream. This treatment will require regular visits with a nephrologist and careful monitoring by both doctor and patient to ensure it is providing relief from symptoms.

A progressive loss of kidney function is known as renal disease. Proper treatment can help prolong life and improve quality of life, but it cannot cure the disease.

In the early stages, when kidney function is only mildly impaired, treatment may be as simple as making lifestyle changes, such as following a kidney-healthy diet and exercising regularly. If kidney function declines more rapidly, treatment will typically involve medication to help control blood pressure and regulate kidney function. In kidney failure, dialysis or a kidney transplant may be necessary when the kidneys can no longer adequately filter waste from the blood.

Depending on the specific situation, there are several ways to treat kidney problems or some digestive and kidney diseases. Some common treatments include: medications, other imaging tests, a dialysis solution, and surgery. In some cases, a combination of treatments may be necessary.

High Blood Pressure Medicines

High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, is a common condition that can lead to serious health problems like stroke, heart disease, diabetic kidney disease, and diabetes. High blood pressure can also contribute to kidney failure. While many different medications are available to treat hypertension, they all work by helping to lower blood pressure. Some of these medications may also help to protect kidney function and blood pressure control in people with diabetes.

High blood pressure is one of the most common causes of chronic kidney disease and early detection and treatment can help prevent the disease from worsening.

Medications used to treat hypertension can be divided into two main types: diuretics and ACE inhibitors. Diuretics increase the amount of salt and water excreted by the kidneys, which helps lower blood pressure. ACE inhibitors, on the other hand, work by blocking the action of a chemical called angiotensin II, which helps to widen blood vessels and lower blood pressure.

While both types of medication can effectively lower blood pressure, they may cause different side effects.

Medications for Swelling

One treatment option being explored is medications for swelling in the legs to reduce symptoms and improve quality of life.

Doctors should be aware of this treatment option when discussing care plans with patients with kidney disease. Medications for swelling can help reduce inflammation and fluid retention in affected areas due to kidney failure or other complications. As such, it can significantly improve a patient’s quality of life by alleviating swelling-related discomforts like pain or difficulty breathing. Furthermore, certain medication types can even slow the progression or worsening of existing symptoms.

Medications for Anemia

Anemia is when the body lacks healthy red blood cells to carry adequate oxygen to its tissues. This can cause fatigue, weakness, and other complications for those with kidney disease. As part of their treatment plan, doctors should know the various medications available to help manage anemia and its associated complications.

Common medications to treat anemia include erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs), iron supplements, folic acid, vitamin B12, and Procrit or Aranesp. ESAs are typically used first because they increase red blood cell production more quickly than diet alone or iron supplements.

Medications to Lower Cholesterol Levels

Cholesterol levels have been linked to kidney disease and its various complications, including an increased risk for cardiovascular disease. Therefore, doctors should be aware of the available medications to help lower cholesterol levels in those with kidney disease. These medications can be used as part of a comprehensive treatment program designed to improve a patient’s overall health with kidney disease.

Statins are one medication commonly prescribed to lower cholesterol levels in patients with kidney disease. In addition to statins, fibrates, bile acid sequestrants, nicotinic acid, and proprotein convertase subtilisin/Kexin type 9 (PCSK9) inhibitors have all been proven effective at reducing cholesterol levels in individuals living with chronic kidney disease (CKD).

Medications to Protect Bones

When treating complications of kidney disease, medications to protect bones are an essential part of the picture. Not only can these medications help manage symptoms and preserve the quality of life, but they also have been shown to reduce fracture risk in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). For doctors treating these patients, understanding the types and uses of medications that can protect bones is essential.

One such medication is calcitriol, a form of vitamin D3. Calcitriol helps reduce phosphate levels in the blood by increasing excretion through urine. It also helps maintain normal calcium levels in the body, which can prevent bone loss due to CKD-related hyperparathyroidism.

A Low-Protein Diet

Kidney disease is a severe medical condition that can cause various complications. For those patients experiencing these symptoms and complications, doctors should be aware of the potential benefit of a low-protein diet. This type of dietary intervention can offer relief from some common symptoms associated with kidney disease while also helping reduce long-term damage to the kidneys.

A low-protein diet focuses on limiting the amount of protein consumed over time. However, there are variations depending on the type and stage of kidney disease the patient has been diagnosed with. Generally, proteins are restricted to 0.6 to 0.8 grams per kilogram body weight per day or 20 – 25% of total energy intake for adult patients.

There are a few guideline recommendations to remember when following this diet:

  • Choose lean protein sources like chicken or fish.
  • Avoid processed foods and excessive amounts of salt intake.
  • Include plenty of fruits and vegetables in your diet.
  • Drink plenty of water.

Lifestyle Changes

Doctors should be aware of the importance of lifestyle changes as a treatment for these complications.

In many instances, lifestyle changes can profoundly affect a patient’s health and well-being. This includes dietary changes that reduce sodium intake and focus on healthy proteins while limiting processed foods.

Regular physical activity is also crucial; appropriate exercise can help maintain bone strength and improve overall muscle health in those with kidney disease. Finally, quitting smoking or avoiding alcohol consumption is essential for reducing stress on the kidneys and circulating blood vessels.

Overall, doctors should recognize that lifestyle modifications are often necessary to manage kidney disease’s consequences.


The risk for kidney disease can be scary and lifestyle-altering for those affected, but dialysis as a treatment gives hope to many. Dialysis works by taking on the role of the kidneys when they can no longer filter waste from the blood naturally. For doctors interested in learning more about treatments for complications from kidney disease, a dialysis is an essential tool that may help patients feel better and improve their quality of life.

While a type of dialysis such as hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis are kidney disease treatment options, they can harm your kidneys, especially if it requires dialysis for an extended period, it is usually considered a last resort for people with kidney disease who requires dialysis or a kidney transplant.

Kidney dialysis often comes with benefits such as improved energy levels and increased appetite, which can lead to better overall health. It also helps remove toxins from the body that would otherwise build up due to decreased kidney function. In addition, it can help manage other symptoms associated with chronic kidney failure or failures, such as fluid retention or high blood pressure.

Kidney Transplant

A kidney transplant may be the only solution for those with complications resulting from kidney disease. However, doctors should understand the procedure and its associated risks to provide their patients with accurate information about this treatment option.

A kidney transplant is a surgical procedure that involves replacing a damaged or diseased kidney with a healthy donor organ or placing a healthy kidney. It can help restore normal functioning to the body by improving signs and symptoms associated with kidney failures, such as fluid and waste buildup in the body. The surgery carries risks, including infection and bleeding, but most of these risks can be managed through proper preparation and post-operative care.

Coping and Support for Patients with Kidney Disease

Damage to your kidneys can have serious consequences, which is why it’s important to understand the progression of kidney disease, as well as the available treatment options. People with kidney disease may not have a cure, but with proper management, the progression of the disease can be slowed or even stopped. One of the most important things to consider when it comes to kidney disease is understanding the risk factors and symptoms that can lead to it.

For doctors, understanding how to provide coping and support for their patients can be an essential part of helping them manage the complications of kidney disease.

Coping with kidney disease can be emotionally challenging for patients and their families. However, doctors should ensure they are doing what they can to provide information and support to help them through this challenging process. Doctors need to understand how people cope with chronic illnesses like kidney disease to assist their patients better.

Patients may need emotional support to deal with the physical challenges of living with kidney diseases, such as adjusting to dialysis or changes in lifestyle due to diet restrictions and other treatments.

Remote Patient Monitoring for Chronic Kidney Disease

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a life-threatening condition affecting millions of people worldwide. As CKD progresses, it can cause serious health problems, including kidney failure and cardiovascular disease. Remote patient monitoring (RPM) has emerged as an essential tool for managing CKD and helping patients maintain their quality of life. This article will provide doctors with information on RPM and how it can improve care for patients with CKD.

RPM is a form of telemedicine that enables doctors to monitor the health of their patients remotely in real time. This includes tracking vital signs such as blood pressure, heart rate and weight, and any changes in medication or diet.


Kidney disease is a severe health issue; doctors should know the causes, treatment, and management options. Through early diagnosis and careful monitoring, kidney disease can be managed to prevent or delay its progression. In addition, by ensuring that their patients understand the risks and benefits of different treatments, doctors can help them make informed decisions about their care. Patient and doctor education about kidney disease is essential to promote appropriate patient management and better outcomes.

Learn about remote patient monitoring and how it can help manage kidney disease. Contact us now.

NOTE: The content in this article is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.

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